Health Education and Treatment of People Belonging to Low Socio-Economic Stratum
Dr. Misra initiated a project in urban slums in South Delhi. In this project, several health camps and health education programs were carried out, in which free dietary advice and treatment was given. His team also profiled health of the population and highlighted that even these people are suffering from obesity, heart diseases, diabetes and hypertension. These observations have been presented in various scientific conferences as well as highlighted in the press.
Health Education and Treatment of Post menopausal women of Low Socio-Economic Stratum
Dr. Misra carried out a similar program for post-menopausal women in urban slums. The initial survey indicated that these women are suffering from a number of problems: osteoporosis, hypertension, diabetes, anemia and heart disease. Health education was given to these women and they were treated free as appropriate. .
Health Education Children and Adolescents Regarding Nutrition and Physical Activity
Obese children and adolescents are at an increased risk for the development of early-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and coronary heart disease (CHD). Childhood obesity and obesity-related co-morbidities are increasing in urban Indian cities. This phenomenon is accelerated by nutritional westernization and sedentary lifestyle. Not only the students, but teachers and parents are often unaware of correct nutrition and lifestyle behaviors. Unfortunately, no cohesive intervention strategies to reduce adiposity and risk for T2DM and CHD have been formulated. It is of immediate and urgent importance that a project focusing on the primary prevention of obesity and inculcation of healthy diet and lifestyle practices be started for Asian Indian children residing in urban Indian cities.
The projects outlined below aim to be a major public health initiative dealing with children in north India. Importantly, the activities of the project have been devised to make it self-sustainable. Hopefully, this project would initiate changes in nutrition and lifestyle of children and would lead to prevention of T2DM and CHD. Also, it is expected that this health initiative would snowball into a major health movement.
Three intensive health education programs (“CHETNA”, “MARG”, “TEACHER”) for schoolchildren in Delhi and several cities of north India are currently being conducted. The children are given correct diet and physical activity advice, and made aware of various diseases, which are due to incorrect lifestyle. This program aims to cover almost 100,000 children in next five years. The program also includes education of schoolteachers and parents of the children to so that they are able to give right nutrition and physical activity advice to children.